Rules for Cyclists

My Notes and Highlights

The Bicycle At Night

*A cycle MUST have white front and red rear lights lit

*It MUST also be fitted with a red rear reflector (and amber pedal reflectors, if manufactured after 1/10/85).  The white front reflectors and spoke reflectors will also help you to be seen.

Red rear reflector


Amber pedal reflectors


Spoke Reflectors


Flashing lights:   are permitted but it is recommended that cyclists who are riding in areas without street lighting use a steady front lamp.

The Cyclist

*A cycle helmet:  should conform to current regulations, and of the correct size and securely fastened
*Appropriate clothes for cycling. Avoid clothes which may get tangled in the chain, or in a wheel or may obscure your lights
*Light-coloured or fluorescent clothing which helps other road users to see you in daylight and poor light
*Reflective clothing and/or accessories (belt, arm or ankle bands) in the dark.

Cycle Routes and Other Facilities

Use the following  unless at the time it is unsafe to do so. Use of these facilities is not compulsory and will depend on your experience and skills, but they can make your journey safer.  Use cycle routes, advanced stop lines, cycle boxes and toucan crossings unless at the time it is unsafe to do so. Use of these facilities is not compulsory and will depend on your experience and skills, but they can make your journey safer.

1-cycle routes

A Bike Route is usually a route that have  series of signs showing the safest way from point A to B for common commuting across a city. They are usually surface streets with some exceptions using highway berms. There are a very few on Interstate segments. If you are on a highway expect to get flat tires from shards of steel from motor vehicle tires.



2- cycle tracks

These are normally paths or road for bicycles and not motor vehicles. They are located away from the road, but may occasionally be found alongside footpaths or pavements. Cyclists and pedestrians may be segregated or they may share the same space (unsegregated). When using segregated tracks you MUST keep to the side intended for cyclists as the pedestrian side remains a pavement or footpath. Take care when passing pedestrians, especially children, older or disabled people, and allow them plenty of room. Always be prepared to slow down and stop if necessary. Take care near road junctions as you may have difficulty seeing other road users, who might not notice you.


Cycle Lanes

These are marked by a white line (which may be broken) along the carriageway (see Rule 140). When using a cycle lane, keep within the lane when practicable. When leaving a cycle lane check before pulling out that it is safe to do so and signal your intention clearly to other road users. Use of cycle lanes is not compulsory and will depend on your experience and skills, but they can make your journey safer.


4-advanced stop lines


5-cycle boxes


6- toucan crossings

Rule 65
Bus Lanes. Most bus lanes may be used by cyclists as indicated on signs. Watch out for people getting on or off a bus. Be very careful when overtaking a bus or leaving a bus lane as you will be entering a busier traffic flow. Do not pass between the kerb and a bus when it is at a stop.

Rule 67
You should

look all around before moving away from the kerb, turning or manoeuvring, to make sure it is safe to do so. Give a clear signal to show other road users what you intend to do (see ‘Signals to other road users’)
look well ahead for obstructions in the road, such as drains, pot-holes and parked vehicles so that you do not have to swerve suddenly to avoid them. Leave plenty of room when passing parked vehicles and watch out for doors being opened or pedestrians stepping into your path
be aware of traffic coming up behind you
take extra care near road humps, narrowings and other traffic calming features
take care when overtaking (see Rules 162 to 169).

Rule 68
You MUST NOT carry a passenger unless your cycle has been built or adapted to carry one
You MUST NOT hold onto a moving vehicle or trailer
You MUST NOT ride when under the influence of drink or drugs, including medicine.

When parking your cycle

find a conspicuous location where it can be seen by passers-by
do not leave it where it would cause an obstruction or hazard to other road users
secure it well so that it will not fall over and become an obstruction or hazard.

Rule 72
On the left. When approaching a junction on the left, watch out for vehicles turning in front of you, out of or into the side road. Just before you turn, check for undertaking cyclists or motorcyclists. Do not ride on the inside of vehicles signalling or slowing down to turn left.

Rule 74
On the right. If you are turning right, check the traffic to ensure it is safe, then signal and move to the centre of the road. Wait until there is a safe gap in the oncoming traffic and give a final look before completing the turn. It may be safer to wait on the left until there is a safe gap or to dismount and push your cycle across the road.

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