There are 35 rules in this section. We’ll only study the difficult ones.
This pages touches on most Rules but especially from Rule 19.
Pedestrian crossings vary from the most basic; Zebra, to the most sophisticated; Pelican, Puffin and toucan. Here, we will compare some of the most common ones for their complexity.
Scroll down to the bottom to find the rest of the pages.
|Differences between all types of Pedestrian Crossings|
|Pelican Crossing: a signal-controlled crossings with traffic lights operated by pedestrians; they have to push the control button to activate the traffic signal.|
1- How does it look: A pair of poles each with a standard set of traffic lights (situated on the far side of the road to the pedestrian), facing oncoming traffic, a push button and 2 illuminated, coloured pictograms (picture of a human) facing the pedestrian from across the road. 2-How does it work: A- *it displays a red, stationary person to indicate that it is not safe to cross, and a green, walking person to indicate that it is safe to do so. *Only when a steady green figure shows, check the traffic has stopped then cross with care. When the green figure begins to flash you should not start to cross. If you have already started you should have time to finish crossing safely. Extra special features: a- Pelican crossings also provide non-visual indication that it is safe to cross, such as a beep, vibrating button or tactile rotating cone in order to assist visually impaired pedestrians. b-Also, pelican crossings can be used to enforce local speed limits by detecting the approach speed of the traffic, and setting the traffic lights to red if a speeding violation is detected. This has been found to significantly reduce the incidence of speeding in residential areas. c- while the green man flashes to indicate that pedestrians may continue crossing but may not start to cross, the red light changes to an amber flashing light permitting cars to pass if there are no further pedestrians. This reduces the delay to traffic.
|Puffin crossing: a signal-controlled crossings. Press the button and wait for the green figure to show. Traffic lights will go red, and will only go green again when no more pedestrians are detected on the crossing by infrared detectors and mats.|
2- How does it look: a- Unlike the older pelican crossing designs, where the pedestrian signal lights are mounted on the opposite side of the road, the puffin crossing has them mounted at the near road side, set diagonally to the road edge. This allows the pedestrian to monitor passing traffic while waiting for the signal to cross. A second reason for the design is that having the lights closer to the user assists visually impaired people who could have difficulty viewing the signal from across the carriageway: the red and green figures are above the control box on your side of the road. 2- How does it work: a- After a request to cross (by button press) a kerb side detector monitors the pedestrian’s presence at the crossing. Should the pedestrian cross prematurely, walk away from the crossing, or wait outside the detection area, the pedestrian’s request to cross could be automatically cancelled. This is so traffic is not halted unnecessarily. b-An on-crossing detector ensures that the signal for vehicles remains red until the pedestrians have finished crossing (within practical limits). c- Unlike the pelican crossing, there is no flashing green figure phase like, There is no transitional “flashing” phase. d-The pedestrian phase will start at the moment all three of these conditions are fulfilled: • the pedestrian push button has been pressed since the end of the last pedestrian phase • the “Maximum Traffic Green Timer” has expired • the detectors indicate that a pedestrian is still waiting to cross e-The “Maximum Traffic Green Timer” is started either when the pedestrian push button is pressed or when the traffic signals first turn green after the previous pedestrian phase. The latter arrangement is termed the “pre-timed Maximum Facility”. f-*Extra special features: the system utilises sensorswhich detect the presence of pedestrians waiting at the crossing, and as they are crossing the road. *Some push-button units (the lower box in the picture) are also fitted with a tactile knob under the unit which rotates when the user may cross. This feature is to assist with visually impaired people struggling to see the light change.
|A toucan crossing is a light-controlled pedestrian and bicycles crossings(also allows bicycles to be ridden across).|
2- How does it look: a- toucan crossings are normally 4 metres (13 feet) wide, instead of the 2.8–metre (9 feet) width of a pelican crossing or puffin crossing. b-There are two types of toucan crossing: *on more recent ones, a “green bicycle” is displayed next to the “green man” when cyclists and pedestrians are permitted to cross. A red bicycle and red man are shown at other times. * older ones do not have a red bicycle – bicycles are permitted to cross at any time (if it is safe to do so). c-Unlike the pelican crossing, before the lights for vehicles go back to green, a steady red and amber are displayed instead of a flashing amber. d-The pedestrian/cyclist signal lights may be on the near side of the crossing (like a puffin crossing), or on the opposite side of the road (like a pelican crossing). Special Remark If the crossing is to be used by pedestrians and cyclists too, then a parallel, separate toucan crossing may be placed next to the pegasus crossing.
|A Pegasus/Equestrian Crossing|
A pegasus crossing is a type of signalised pedestrian crossing, with special consideration for horse riders. At a minimum, these crossings are in the form of a pelican crossing or puffin crossing but simply have two control panels, one at the normal height for pedestrians or dismounted riders, and one two metres above the ground for the use of mounted riders, and the “green man” (walk) and “red man” (stop) pictograms are replaced with horses. Additional features, to improve safety, include a wooden fence or other barrier and a wider crossing so that the horses are further away from vehicles than normal. 2- How does it work: d-The pedestrian/equestrian signal lights may be on the near side of the crossing (like a puffin crossing), or on the opposite side of the road (like a pelican crossing). Special Remark If the crossing is to be used by pedestrians and cyclists too, then a parallel, separate toucan crossing may be placed next to the pegasus crossing.
|Staggered crossings (with an island in the middle) are two separate crossings|
-I- PELICAN CROSSING?
The Name: A pelican crossing (previously Pelicon Crossing – PEdestrian LIght CONtrolled Crossing).
History: it was introduced in 1969
-II- Puffin CROSSING:
The Name: A puffin crossing
History: it was introduced around 1992 (20 years before 2012)
This article has a very good description:
Critique: Experts will examine the effectiveness of Puffin crossings – which have yet to fully replace the older Pelican models – amid fears that confusion between the two systems meant some people were not sure when it was safe to cross the road.
-III- Pedestrian Crossings
-III- Toucan CROSSING:
The Name: A toucan crossing was given the name “toucan” (two–can), because both pedestrians and cyclists, can cross together!
History: was first introduced on about 1992.
-IV- Pedestrian Crossings
-IV- A Pegasus/Equestrian Crossing:
The Name: A Pegasus Crossing was nicknamed after the mythical winged horse, Pegasus.
History: was first introduced on about 1992.
-V- A Staggered’ Pelican or Puffin Crossing:
Used when the crossings on each side of the central refuge are not in line, two separate crossings are built for this purpose with a central island in the middle. They are considered two separate crossings.